Category Archives: Past classes

Waiting for mutiny on proposed Southeast Alaska sea otter bounty

Jamie Foode

News with Fins Extra Credit

https://www.alaskadispatch.com/article/20130325/waiting-mutiny-proposed-southeast-alaska-sea-otter-bounty

I found this article to be interesting on account of   how highly controversial the discussion of Alaska placing a bounty on sea otters that are legally taken. Although I do agree with several of the reasons listed why it is a bad idea, this article does not address the issue of a boom in the sea otter population, and the potential for it to not only crash itself but to crash several organisms in the surrounding ecosystem because they are a keystone species. But the author addresses the fact that tourists pay to see sea otters, which is a bit ridiculous when the issue at hand is the fear of an unsustainable population. My guess is that   all of the tourists who pay to see sea otters, since they are soooo cute, have never been exposed to this peer review….https://www.aquaticmammalsjournal.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=505:lesions-and-behavior-associated-with-forced-copulation-of-juvenile-pacific-harbor-seals-phoca-vitulina-richardsi-by-southern-sea-otters-enhydra-lutris-nereis&catid=9:volume-36-issue-4&Itemid=118

 

 

Alaska Salmon Roe Forecasts and Price Info

 

Jamie Foode-News w/Fins 5/3/13

I found this to be interesting as the project I currently manage is researching products for value adding to our regions seafood, primary Copper River salmon.   The price is really soaring this year, and with the brand for Copper River already established roe could be a valuable product development here in Cordova.

 

Alaska salmon roe forecasts and price info

Fish Radio

May 8, 2013

AK Salmon Roe Estimates Credit:  ASMI

AK Salmon Roe Estimates
Credit: ASMI

 

Alaska salmon roe

Alaska salmon roe

This is Fish Radio. I’m Laine Welch … A look at salmon roe forecasts and prices. That’s up after this —

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Federal grants are available to help “Made in America’ companies compete with imports and save US jobs. Learn more at www.nwtaac.org.

 

Salmon roe might not be an American favorite, but it’s a highly valued delicacy elsewhere. The main sources of salmon roe are pink, chum and sockeye, in that order. This year roe production is projected to total 27 million pounds, a big increase from the five-year average of 23 million pounds. Pink salmon  usually provide more than  half of Alaska’s  total salmon roe haul and this summer nearly 15 million pounds of pink roe is projected , 54 percent of the total.

Chum salmon are the second largest source of roe, producing a quarter of the Alaska pack. Chum roe is the priciest and about 7.5 million pounds should come out of the 2013 catch.

For sockeye, the 34-million-fish projection should yield a modest 4.7 million pounds of roe.

The roe follows different market trends than other Alaska salmon products. Fisheries economist Gunnar Knapp says that’s because roe wholesales  into different end markets, and it faces very little competition from farmed salmon.

Looking at sales trends:   all salmon roe prices surged from Sept through December last year.  For pink roe, over 5.5 million pounds fetched nearly $12 per pound, compared to less than $8 on average for all of 2011.   For chums, over 3.2 million pounds was sold    at $18.76 a pound, an increase of $5 dollars a pound from the previous year.  For sockeye 1.6 million pounds was valued at $8.97, up more than $2.  All total, Alaska salmon roe had a first wholesale value of nearly $200 million in 2011; the sales totals for 2012 will be out in early July.

 State Dept. of Revenue’s Tax Division    

Fish Radio is also brought to you by Ocean Beauty Seafoods, celebrating 103 years of partnership with Alaska’s coastal communities. www.oceanbeauty.com   In Kodiak, I’m Laine Welch.

 

Regulators to hear comments today on eel management plan

 

The American eel along the Atlantic coastal areas is being reviewed by the Atlantic States Marine Fisheries  Commission to take public comments on a draft addendum from the Interstate Fishery Management Plan for the American Eel.  

The plan is for both commercial and recreational management options for yellow, glass – including elvers, and silver eels, it also calls to increase the monitoring for fisheries by state and outline methods to improve the habitat.  

Members of the Passamaquoddy tribe and  Gov. Paul LePage are expected to comment on the new elver licensing rules. The Passamaquoddy tribe has been issued more licenses than is allotted and the state is refusing to accept the additional licenses which has brought new problems facing the Legislation. It’s illegal to take elvers, and it has been switched from being a civil offense to becoming a criminal offense, which passed in April. The fine is $2,000, potential seizure of gear, and possibly jail time. The Maine Marine Patrol has issued summonses for members of the Passamaqouddy tribe who licenses that are over the state designated number.  

The draft addendum is in response to a declining population of American eels from 2012 reports, the eels have been slowly decling for decades and have been depleting in Atlantic waters. The main reasons for the  depletion of the American eels is caused by overfishing, habitat loss, turbine mortality, climate change impacts –  rising temperatures and acidification — in the ocean and changes to the web of sea life.

 

I think that if there has been a noticeable decrease in the American eel population for decades the Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission should have put new regulations into order a long time ago. Though the eels may not be endangered the population should be at sustainable levels if they’re going to continue to be harvested.  

 

https://www.pressherald.com/news/Don-post-Eel-hearing.html

Kodiak Crab Lab

This article was found in the May edition of Pacific FIshing . Crab stocks in Bristol Bay and Kodiak are dwindling . The goal of the Kodiak lab is to find answers to why these crab are not returning. Crab take 8 years to reach maturity so for populations to rise you need several good years in a row to see a healthy recruitment. The lab is studying ocean ecosystem patterns , crab diets, and crab reproduction currently. Some interesting facts from the article are red king crab will eat their babies but blue king crab will not. Golden king crab can resist ocean acidification.

Scientific Findings Should Affect Changes in Policy

­ ­ ­

Because this is a Blog about News I will start with Publishing Findings in the News:

ENN: Environmental News Network — Know Your Environment

 

From:  Editor,  Oceana,  More from this Affiliate
Published  April 16, 2013 06:50 AM

Seismic Airgun Testing for Oil and Gas Threatens Marine Life and Coastal Economies

According to government estimates, 138,500 whales and dolphins will soon be injured and possibly killed along the East Coast if exploration companies are allowed to use dangerous blasts of noise to search for offshore oil and gas.

The U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) is considering allowing geophysical companies, working on behalf of oil and gas companies, to use seismic airguns to search for offshore oil and gas in the Atlantic Ocean, from Delaware to Florida. These airguns use compressed air to generate intense pulses of sound, which are 100,000 times more intense than a jet engine.

These loud blasts are used on a recurring basis, going off every ten seconds, for 24 hours a day, often for weeks on end. They are so loud that they penetrate through the ocean, and miles into the seafloor, then bounce back, bringing information to the surface about the location of buried oil and gas deposits.

Airgun blasts harm whales, dolphins, sea turtles and fish. The types of impacts marine mammals may endure include temporary and permanent hearing loss, abandonment of habitat, disruption of mating and feeding, beach strandings and even death. Seismic airguns could devastate marine life, and harm fisheries and coastal economies along the Atlantic coast. Seismic testing in the Atlantic would also be the first major step toward offshore drilling, which further harms the marine environment through leaks, oil spills, habitat destruction and greenhouse gas emissions.

Humpback whale with calf photo  via Shutterstock.

Read more at ENN Affiliate,  Oceana.

You are lucky if you are supported by such an  extensive, credible report:

Seismic_Airgun_Testing_Report_FINAL

However, your findings must be from credible scientists such as:

Jacqueline_Savitz_Bio_FINAL

Matthew_Huelsenbeck_Bio_FINAL

 

You can then encourage use of cool advocacy tools  for posting to Facebook, etc., to let your concerns go viral, educate the public, get those signatures needed for your petition to change policy at:

 

https://wh.gov/e8hu

 

WE PETITION THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION TO:

Stop seismic airgun testing for oil and gas off the U.S. East Coast.

According to your Department of the Interior, seismic airgun testing for oil and gas in the Atlantic will injure or kill 138,500 dolphins and whales, including endangered North Atlantic right whales.

Seismic airguns and offshore drilling threaten commercial and recreational fisheries as well as ocean-based tourism and coastal recreation from Delaware to Florida. 730,000 jobs in this region depend on a healthy ocean. Seismic airgun testing is the first step toward expanding deepwater drilling, the same practice that caused the well-known Deepwater Horizon oil spill disaster.

Offshore drilling is dirty and dangerous, and seismic airguns are an insult to ocean economies and ecosystems. With respect, we call on your administration to reject seismic airgun testing in the Atlantic.

Created:  Apr 15, 2013

Issues:  Energy,  Environment,  Natural Resources

 

It is more effective when you use attractive, enticing, factual posters:

what are you waiting for

PROGRESS NOT PERFECTION

2012 Status of Stocks
PROGRESS NOT PERFECTION
SUSTAINABILITY IS A PROCESS, NOT AN END POINT

Recent Status of U.S. Fisheries Annual Report to Congress, as required under the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act, demonstrates the success of science-based management in U.S. fisheries. NOAA Fisheries and Regional Fishery Management Councils work collectively to attain decreases in overfishing and overfished, while increasing fish stocks. 446 stocks and stock complexes are currently managed within 46 federal fishery management plans nationwide. Although overfishing can be the main cause of depletion of these stock, other factors such as disease, habitat degradation and environmental changes; ie, climate, ocean acidification and land based pollution must also be taken into account as prevailing environmental and fishery conditions.

There have been sacrifices, and more are needed from the fishing and seafood industries, recreational anglers, fishing communities and the public . Timely collection of data, assessments of economic consequences of management actions and increased understanding of environmental factors, are required to continue the process of sustainably managing US fisheries. Stock assessments use the best information available, which may include data from fishery landings, scientific surveys, and biological and ecological studies, undergoing review by independent scientists before it is accepted by a Council’s Scientific and Statistical Committee as the best scientific information available. This information is then used by the Council to recommend the annual catch limit for the stock.

To date, 10 stocks are no longer subject to overfishing, four stocks are no longer overfished, and six stocks have been rebuilt, this brings the total number rebuilt to 32 since 2000.

Ahshapanek. Extra Credit News with Fins

Sean Ahshapanek

Marine and Coastal Fisheries: Dynamics, Management, and Ecosystem Science

Influences of Artificial Reefs on Juvenile Red Snapper along the Mississippi Gulf Coast

May 2,

This article was found in the Marine and Coastal Fisheries: Dynamics, Management, an Ecosystem on the Fisheries.org website.   According to Brandt and Jackson,” artificial reefs have been constructed and placed in the northern Gulf of Mexico to provide structure for a wide range of reef-associated fish species and to further management goals, such as the enhancement of recreational and commercial fishing and the rehabilitation of depleted fish stock.”   Artificial reefs might have an effect on the environment they inhibit but these are still on debate.   These artificial reefs are said to be found off the Mississippi coast and range along the coast of Alabama.   Along these coast their is species of Lutjanus campechanus, also known as the Red Snapper.   The Red Snapper uses the artificial reefs for shelter and for finding food.   Since Red Snappers are predatory fish and can live up to 50 years of life they have been on the decline over the past years.   Since then they have made little improvements and this includes improvement in the survival of Red Snapper juveniles.

The study area that they used was a location about 40 miles from Pascagoula, Ms.   This was known as artificial reef haven 13 (FH-13).   FH-13 was split into 3 sections, section A, section B and section C.   Each section was different in depth but they all had the same structure which was a sandy and muddy bottom.   Soon as they were marked within sections the artificial reefs were then placed in a pyramid position.   Brandt and Jackson state,” the findings of the this are significant and promising, as few studies have looked at the importance of independent reef unit spacing as it pertains to the relative abundance and length of reef associated juvenile Red Snapper.”   Artificial reefs were concluded that they give Red Snappers a offering of fitness benefits, such as shelter for protection and from predators.

Image from www.mexfish.com

Ahshapanek. News 6

Sean Ahshapanek

Estimating recreational harvest using interview-based recall survey: Implication of recalling in weight or numbers

Fisheries Management and Ecology

May 2, 2013

In this article they talk about how overfishing is affecting the marine environment and how recreational fishing has continued even though recovery has implemented and commercial landings has been regulated.   It is estimated that a recreational catch, harvest or effort in several countries was an interview based survey.   This consisted on fishers being contacted by email or by phone.   They asked questions concerning catches, harvesting and fishing patterns over a period of time.   Sparrevohn states,” a recall survey is a method that has been used for decades but mainly focuses on anglers.”   Based upon the recall survey it is said that fishers prefer to recall their harvest and what type of fish species they caught.   After answering these questions they were asked to answer how they caught their fish.

The methods that were used in this experiment had a two phase recall survey.   First survey which was also known as phase 1, were fishers who had received their fishing permit by July 1, 2010.   Second phase fishers were those who received their permits by January 1, 2011.   In each phase you had over 2400 anglers and 2400 passive gear fishers who were all contacted by email.   To separate these two groups anglers had an Angular license were known as Angling A and those with passive gear license were known as Angling B.  Over a period of time these fishers were contacted either by email or phone and asked a series of questions pertaining to the fish they caught.   Weight, length and species were questions that were asked by the questioner.   From here they could determine how many species were caught, the length of each species caught and the weight of each species.

The results were that 80 percent of the initial 9716 were contacted.   Only 3 percent of 9,716 did not want to participate In the survey.   The remaining percent were not responding due to an incorrect email address or phone number.   Out of 46 percent of all the people who were surveyed used the internet to fill out their   questioners.   Sparrevohn states,” the number of respondents who preferred to report their harvest numbers did so mainly by species harvested and to a lesser extent by fishing methods.”

Tongass 77

My article this week came out of this months Pacific Fishing magazine. The article is titled “THE Tongass 77 campaign and why you should support it”. To sum up this article it states that a healthy salmon population comes from healthy fresh water streams. Currently in the Tongass Nation Forest there are only 12 designated areas with buffer zones to protect fish from logging. The Tongass 77 campaign is pushing for 77 designated areas to preserve and protect our salmon populations. Logging will still be allowed to continue , but 77 drainages will be protected from logging. This article really fits in great for this week I believe . To keep our fish sustainable we not only have to regulate our catch but preserve our forests. More information on the Tongass 77 can be found at www.americansalmonforecast.org

Basic fish management principles ignored

KRSA-Logo04                      The Kenai River king salmon are the largest salmon in the world,  drawing worldwide interest  of all sport fishers. In recent news the conservation and fishery management regulations have been called in to  question discussing whether or not they are allowing overfishing of these world record fish.  The Kenai River Sportfishing Association (KRSA) released their concerns on the “hard times with historic low returns” of these king salmon.

LesAnderson_closeup

Les Anderson’s who was entered into the Alaska Sport’s Hall of Fame after catching a 97.3lb world record Kenai River king salmon.  

             The Alaska Department of Fish and Game (ADFG) has already set preseason restrictions and closures because there is a low king salmon abundance.

                In reaction to these new restrictions the  Kenai River Sportfishing Association (KRSA) spoke out about the  principles  fishery  management  are not being met, and that “Human history shows our nature wanting to test the line between fishing and overfishing – and far too often we roll the dice in favor of short-term profits only to see another fish stock run aground.” –  Ricky Gease, Executive Director of Kenai River Sportfishing Association (KRSA).

               The problem that the KRSA is seeing with the current fishery management is the lack of conservation of the King Salmon – They recently have made it public their views on the management conducted by  former Alaska Board of Fisheries (BOF) member Vince Webster.

“Our concerns regarding Webster’s confirmation spotlighted the fact that basic principles of fishery management were not being followed. These included his failed leadership to provide adequate board oversight regarding an alarmingly low new interim escapement goal for Kenai kings, which drops by one third the minimum number of king spawners from 18,000 to 12,000 (Didson sonar counts); his advocacy to set an optimum escapement goal even lower than the new minimum so that commercial set netters could keep on fishing; and, his failed attempt to shift the burden of king conservation solely onto one user group, the personal use fishery, when no other group faced restrictions. These and other similar past actions added to the foundation and argument that he should no longer serve on the board.”

          They also direct blame towards the  Alaska Department of Fish and Game (ADFG) stating,

“It rushed a new interim escapement goal for Kenai kings at a strikingly low escapement level without adequate peer review. Contrary to professional and standard department protocols, ADFG lowered the new range so much so that two-thirds of the new goal has no escapement data to support it”  

        This was an extremely interesting article to read, I feel that it was very bias in the sense that they directly placed blame on a certain person and department. I think that instead of specifically placing blame they could have discussed the problems they think are  occurring  with the low return of the king salmon and what could be fixed to increase king salmon abundance and decrease overfishing. I do agree that if they are seeing problems with the return of the king salmon and overfishing they should be addressed accordingly.

https://peninsulaclarion.com/opinion/2013-04-24/basic-fish-management-principles-ignored